JULIE CEDERBAUM joined in 2009 after completing her doctoral studies at the University of Pennsylvania, where she worked within a multidisciplinary team at the Center for Health Disparities Research. Her work has focused on primary and secondary HIV prevention both within and outside the United States. Her dissertation work, funded by an individual National Research Service Award from the National Institute of Mental Health, examined mother-daughter communication about abstinence and safe sex. Specifically, she targeted understanding the differences in mother communication and daughter HIV-risk behaviors between HIV-positive and HIV-negative mother-daughter dyads.
Cederbaum's research interests include primary and secondary HIV prevention; social work and public health practice with families; and interventions with families and youth. Prior to her doctoral studies, she worked as a direct practice clinician with families infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. Bilingual-bicultural in Spanish, other clinical practice arenas have included welfare-to-work, health clinics and housing programs. All of Cederbaum's work has been within a family systems paradigm and utilized short-term therapeutic models.
She is a member of the Society for Social Work and Research, the Social Welfare Action Alliance and the American Public Health Association. Cederbaum serves as a reviewer for the American Journal of Public Health, the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, and the Journal of Nursing in AIDS Care. Her teaching interests include direct social work practice with children and families, social work practice in health care settings and social work research.
While working at a clinic for HIV-affected families in Los Angeles, Dr. Julie Cederbaum discovered that daughters of HIV-positive mothers still engage in high-risk sexual behaviors. But it wasn’t until she conducted research with a control group that she truly grasped the extent of the problem. Although they were more aware of the importance of protected sex, daughters of HIV-positive mothers engaged in even riskier behaviors than their peers. The experience launched Cederbaum on a career examining family processes. She wrote her dissertation at the University of Pennsylvania on the subject and has since focused on maternal communication, monitoring and role modeling within HIV-affected families.
After completing her doctoral studies, Cederbaum joined the USC School of Social Work faculty in 2009. Cederbaum views her current research as two separate branches—HIV risk reduction and parent–child processes—that occasionally intertwine, and she is particularly interested in how families strengthen or need support during difficult events. “How do we help families be stronger, communicate better and build healthy relationships, so that when difficult situations occur—HIV or cancer or separation because of incarceration or deployment—the rest of the family remains intact and fares well?” she says.
But exploring ways to combat HIV remains Cederbaum’s driving influence. She is proud that her work has a cause, but has watched with dismay as perceptions of the threat of HIV have faded in recent years. Rates are not decreasing, and in some cases are actually on the rise. HIV remains stigmatized as an indicator of same-sex behavior. Low testing rates are of particular concern to Cederbaum, and she is working to overcome barriers to testing. One study involves airing short episodes of a serial drama on public buses about HIV testing designed to appeal to African American youth, a group with a high risk for HIV but some of the lowest testing rates.
Cederbaum, who is bilingual-bicultural in Spanish, is an enthusiastic mentor of students and involves them in much of her research. She also engages students through her research methods course and is part of the faculty core for the Women Interagency HIV Study, a federally funded project based in the Keck School of Medicine of USC.
Barman Adhikari, A. & Cederbaum, J.A. (in press). Family and peer influences on sexual intention among African American female adolescents.Applied Developmental Science.
Traube, D.E., Kerkorian, D., Cederbaum, J.A., Bhupali, C. & McKay, M.M. (in press). African American children’s perceptions of participating in research. The Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics.
Holloway, I., Cederbaum, J.A., Anjayi, A. & Shoptaw, S. (in press). Barriers to participation in sexual risk reduction interventions for YMSM. Journal of Primary Prevention.
Cederbaum, J.A., Hutchinson, M.K., Duan, L. & Jemmott, L.S. (2012). The influence of maternal HIV serostatus on mother-daughter sexual risk communication and adolescent engagement in HIV risk behaviors. AIDS & Behavior, Online First.
Rice, E., Tulburt, E., Cederbaum, J.A., Adhikari, A.B. & Milburn, N.G. (2012). ). Social network analysis of the acceptability of an online social networking HIV prevention program for homeless youth. Health Education Research, Online First.
Baker, J.L., Brawner, B.M., Cederbaum, J.A., White, S., Davis, Z.M., Brawner, W. & Jemmott, L.S. (2012). Barbershops as venues to assess and intervene in HIV/STI risk among young, heterosexual African American men.Journal of Men’s Health, 6, 366-380.
Hutchinson, M.K., Kahwa, E., Waldron, N., Ahren, M., Brown, C.H., Hamilton, P.I., Hewitt, H.H., Aiken, J., Cederbaum, J.A. & Alter, E. (2012). Jamaican mothers’ influences of adolescent girls’ sexual beliefs and behaviors.Advanced Nursing Science, 44.
Cederbaum, J.A. (2012). The experience of communication, family roles, and behaviors in families living with HIV. Journal of Adolescent Research, 27(5).
Guerrero, E.G. & Cederbaum, J.A. (2011). Adoption and utilization of sexually transmitted infections testing in outpatient substance abuse treatment facilities serving high risk populations in the U.S. International Journal of Drug Policy, 22(1), 41-48.
Hutchinson, M.K. & Cederbaum, J.A. (2011). Talking to daddy’s little girl about sex: Daughters’ reports of sexual communication and support from fathers. Journal of Family Issues, 32, 550-572.
Dichter, M.E., Cederbaum, J.A. & Teitelman, A.M. (2010). The gendering of violence in intimate relationships: How violence makes sex less safe for girls. In M. Chesney-Lind & N. Jones (Eds.) Fighting for girls: New perspectives on gender and violence. Albany, NY: Albany, NY: SUNY.
Cederbaum, J.A. & Klusaritz, H.A. (2009). Clinical instruction: Using a strengths perspective approach with nursing students. Journal of Nursing Education, 48(8), 422-428.
Cederbaum, J.A. (2008). Name-based HIV reporting: Current status and advocacy needs. Journal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services: Research, Policy and Practice, 17(2), 117-133.
Mandell, D.S., Eleey, C., Cederbaum, J.A., Hutchinson, M.K., Jemmott, L.S. & Blank, M.B. (2008). Sexually transmitted infections among adolescents receiving special education services. Journal of School Health, 78, 382-388.
Caley, L., Syms, C., Robinson, L., Cederbaum, J.A., Henry, M. & Shipkey, N. (2008). What human service professionals know and want to know about fetal alcohol syndrome. Canadian Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 15(1), e117-e123.
Jemmott, L.S., Jemmott, J.B., Hutchinson, M.K., Cederbaum, J.A. & O'Leary, A. (2008). Sexually Transmitted Infection/HIV Risk Reduction interventions in Clinical Settings. Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 37, 137-145.
Teitelman, A.M., Ratcliffe, S.J. & Cederbaum, J.A. (2008). Parent-adolescent communication about sexual pressure, maternal norms about relationship power and STI/HIV protective behaviors of minority urban girls. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 14, 50-60.
Cederbaum, J.A., Marcus, S.C. & Hutchinson, M.K. (2007). The influence of knowing someone with HIV/AIDS on parent-child communication and HIV risk behaviors. Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention in Children and Youth, 8(2), 31-44.
Teitelman, A.M., Dichter, M.E., Cederbaum, J.A. & Campbell, J. (2007). Intimate partner violence, condom use and HIV risk for adolescent girls: Gaps in the literature and future directions for research and interventions. Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention in Children and Youth, 8(1), 65-93.
Cederbaum, J.A., Coleman, C.L., Goller, G. & Jemmott, L.S. (2006). Understanding the HIV risk reduction needs of heterosexual African American substance-abusing men. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 17(6), 28-37.
Hutchinson, M.K., Thompson, A.C. & Cederbaum, J.A. (2006). Multi-system factors contributing to health disparities in preventive health care among lesbian women. Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 35, 393-402.
Hutchinson, M.K. & Cederbaum, J.A. (2004). Family approaches to reducing adolescent sexual risk-taking behaviors. In M. Heisler, G. Rust, & A. Dubois (Eds.) Proceedings from the Third Annual Morehouse School of Medicine Primary Care & Prevention Conference. (pp. 67-72). Atlanta, GA: Morehouse School of Medicine.