Ron Avi Astor

Research Interest 
Behavioral Health
Military Social Work
Schools
Bullying, Retribution, School Safety
Contact Information
Location
University Park
Phone213.740.0296
E-mail
Web
Professor
Richard M. and Ann L. Thor Professor of Urban Social Development
Education 
PhD, University of California, Berkeley, 1991
MA, University of California, Berkeley, 1989
MA, Hebrew Union College, 1985
MSW, University of Southern California, 1985
BA, California State University, Northridge, 1983

RON AVI ASTOR holds joint appointments in the USC School of Social Work and USC Rossier School of Education. His work examines the role of the physical, social-organizational and cultural contexts in schools related to different kinds of school violence (e.g., sexual harassment, bullying, school fights, emotional abuse, weapon use, teacher/child violence). Astor's studies have included tens of thousands of schools and millions of students, teachers, parents and administrators. Over the past 10 years, findings from these studies have been published in more than 150 scholarly manuscripts.

This work has documented the ecological influences of the family, community, school and culture on different forms of school violence. His book, School Violence in Context: Culture, Neighborhood, Family, School, and Gender, which was published by Oxford University Press with his close colleague Rami Benbenishty from Bar Ilan University, has been described by leading scholars in psychology, social work and education as the most comprehensive theoretically and empirically sound study of school violence conducted to date. The American Psychological Association recognized the contribution of the book with the William James Book Award in 2006, followed by the American Educational Research Association's Outstanding Book Award in 2007. Astor also won AERA's Distinguished Research Award twice in Human Development and Counseling in 2006 and 2010. In 2010, he received an honorary doctorate from Hebrew Union College based on this work. In 2012, Astor was named an AERA fellow, a prestigious title that has been given to fewer than 500 education scholars nationwide.

Astor has also developed a school mapping and local monitoring procedure that can be used with students and teachers to generate "grassroots" solutions to safety problems. The mapping procedure has received several international awards including the American Educational Research Association's prestigious Palmer O. Johnson Award for best research article in 2000. The mapping and monitoring procedure is used in schools across the globe including Los Angeles and Tel Aviv. Along with colleagues at Bar Ilan and Hebrew University, he continues to conduct studies on the epidemiology of school violence in different cultures, the effects of stereotyping on the approval of violence across development in different cultures and democracy-oriented intervention studies that promote student and teacher participation to achieve school safety. The findings of these studies have been widely cited in the international media in the United States and Israel.

Currently, Astor is applying knowledge gained from these prior studies to improve school climate in military-connected schools. As principal investigator, Astor and his colleagues are leading an eight-year Department of Defense Educational Activity funded-research partnership with eight school districts. This partnership will create a national prototype for sustainable infrastructures that use data-driven models to create supportive schools. Staff, students and parents will be empowered to use evidence to improve school climate and address military students' special needs. In addition, mobile applications will be developed to assist parents, students, teachers and administrators in providing resources and services.

His work has been funded by the Department of Defense Educational Activity, National Institutes of Mental Health, H.F. Guggenheim Foundation, National Academy of Education/Spencer Foundation, William T. Grant Foundation, Israeli Ministry of Education, a Fulbright Senior Scholar Fellowship, University of Michigan, USC and the W.K. Kellogg Foundation.

At first glance, Dr. Ron Avi Astor’s academic path may appear a bit eclectic. With an overarching interest in issues surrounding violence, he earned degrees in psychology, Jewish communal service, social work, human development, school psychology and educational psychology, as well as teaching credentials and clinical postdoctoral studies with seriously mentally disturbed children. “Each area had a different ecological view of violence—I didn’t believe I could separate those things out,” he says. “In reality, issues involving violence have multiple elements covered by these different fields and disciplines. ”

Astor credits his Jewish background—specifically, the culture’s strong history with persecution—as well as his exposure to global conflict and violence during his youth as the foundation for his interest in school violence and childhood victimization, in addition to the interplay between social hierarchy, war, culture and morality. As he began merging disciplines such as education, psychology and social work, he came to understand that theories and clinical perspectives don’t always reflect reality. “As you get into the messiness of the real world, you start to see things differently than what any one theory or perspective prescribes,” he says. As a professor with the USC School of Social Work, Astor focuses on improving theoretical research by developing local and cross-cultural transformative approaches to addressing school violence and bullying, ideas that have gained serious traction throughout the world.

As Astor sees it, if schools are designed to nurture children’s social and emotional needs, they can function as a protective buffer from negative risk factors such as abuse, neglect and poverty. When he embarked on a massive study of the Israel school system in the wake of several school shootings and other violence, Astor believed that programs and skills training would be a successful approach. However, his award-winning research has found that the most influential factor in creating a safe and supportive school atmosphere is a visionary principal capable of orchestrating a caring and unified staff. With the help of his longtime colleague Rami Benbenishty, Astor developed a transformative model based on his findings that is now used by every school in Israel. During the past decade, at-risk behavior among Israeli students has dropped between 25 and 70 percent, depending on the behavior and location.

In recent years, Astor has shifted his focus back to the United States, undertaking a federally funded partnership of eight military-connected public schools. He hopes that the work of this consortium will ease the unique challenges that military children face due to transitions and deployments, and raise the awareness of their civilian peers to be supportive and understanding. Astor involves many students in his research ventures, from doctoral scholars who explore related interests, such as gay and lesbian bullying among military-connected students, to undergraduate and master’s students who assist on his grant projects and help author papers.

Awards and Distinction
George D. Nickel Award for Outstanding Professional Services by a Social Worker, California Social Welfare Archives (2014)
Award, Advisor for Dissertation of the Year, Division E, American Educational Research Association (2013)
National Bullying Task Force Co-chair, American Educational Research Association (2012)
Presidential Symposium Organizer Chair, American Educational Research Association (2012)
Public Engagement Co-chair, Military Child Education California Public Living in the New Normal (LINN) (2012)
National Book of the Year Chair designate, American Educational Research Association (2012)
Appointed to the National Scientific Advisory Board for Military Child Educational Coalition (2012)
Fellow, American Educational Research Association (2012)
Co-Author/ NASW Task Force Member on National Standards, USC School of Social Work (2012)
Promise Award for Integration of Research, Theory and Practice, American Educational Research Association, Conflict Resolution and Cooperative Learning SIG (2011)
Excellence in Research Award, Society for Social Work and Research (2011)
Distinguished Research Award, American Educational Research Association, Division E, Human Development (2010)
Honorary Doctorate, Hebrew Union College, Los Angeles (2010)
Co-President Scientific Committee for the Global Conference on Violence in Schools, Lisbon, Portugal (2008)
Israeli Ministry of Education (competitive research grants). A National Study on School Violence (1998-2007)
Outstanding Book Award, American Educational Research Association (2007)
Testified to the California State Senate, Committee on Education, School Violence: International Research, Successful Programs, and State Policy (2007)
Distinguished Faculty Member Award, USC LGBT-Q Student Government Caucus (2007)
Distinguished Research Award, American Educational Research Association, Division E--Human Development (2006)
Sterling Distinguished Faculty Research Award, USC (2006)
Major Grant Award, William T. Grant Foundation (2001-2004)
Kellogg Foundation Grant (1999-2001)
Research Collaboration Grant, National Academy of Education (1999-2001)
Research Findings Cited on U.S. Senate Floor and entered into the Congressional Record (2000)
Palmer O. Johnson Award, American Education Research Association, Best Research Article In AERA Journal (2000)
Spencer Foundation Grant (1999-2000)
National Academy of Education/Spencer Fellowship (1997-1999)
Pattishall Award, School of Education (faculty research award), University of Michigan (1999)
Fulbright Senior Scholar Fellowship to Hebrew University, 10-month grant, Jerusalem, Israel (1997-1998)
Instrument Development for Poverty and Violence Research Project, National Institute of Mental Health (1995-1998)
Testified to the Israeli Parliament (Knesset) Subcommittee on Education, School Violence: Research, Programs, and National Policy (1998)
Distinguished Faculty Recognition Award for Fulbright Fellowship, University of Michigan (1997)
Distinguished Faculty Recognition Award for National Academy of Education Fellowship, University of Michigan (1997)
Employee of the year, The Children's Health Council (affiliated with Stanford University), Palo Alto, CA (1992)
Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation Award, University of California, Berkeley (1991)
Speaker at School of Education Graduation, UC Berkeley (1991)
Dissertation Fellowship, H.F. Guggenheim Foundation (1990)
Speaker at Social Work Graduation, University of Southern California (1985)
Academic Merit Scholarship, Hebrew Union College/University of Southern California (1983-1985)
Graduated Magna Cum Laude, California State University, Northridge (1983)
Psi Chi National Honor Society in Psychology (1982)
Academic Merit Scholarship, Tel Aviv University (1980-1981)
Dean's Honor Roll, Every semester during undergraduate education at CSUN (1979-1983)
More awards
Selected Publications

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R., & Jackson, L. (in progress for 2015). Mapping and monitoring school safety in schools and school districts: An evidence based guide.

Estrada, J.N., Gilreath, T.D., Astor, R. A., & Benbenishty, R. (in press). A statewide study of gang membership and violent behaviors in California secondary schools. Youth & Society.  

Gilreath, T. D., Estrada, J. N., Pineda, D., Benbenishty, R., & Astor, R. (in press). Development and use of the California Healthy Kids Survey Military Module to support students in military-connected schools. Children and Schools.

De Pedro, K.T., Atuel, H., Malchi, K., Esqueda, M. C., Benbenishty, R., & Astor, R. A. (in press). Responding to the needs of military students and military-connected schools: The perceptions and actions of school administrators. Children and Schools.

Berkowitz, R., De Pedro, K.T., Couture, J., Benbenishty, R., & Astor, R.A. (in press). Military parents’ perceptions of public school supports for their children. Children and Schools.

Esqueda, M. C., Cederbaum, J. A., Malchi, K., Pineda, D., Benbenishty, R., & Astor, R. (in press). The military social work fieldwork placement: An analysis of the time and activities graduate student interns provide military-connected schools. Children and Schools.

Cederbaum, J.A, Malchi, K., Esqueda, M. C., Benbenishty. R., Atuel, H.R., & Astor, R. A. (in press). Student-instructor assessments: Examining the skills and competencies of social work students placed in military-connected schools. Children and Schools.

De Pedro, K.T., Esqueda, M.C., Cederbaum, J.A., & Astor, R.A. (in press). District, school, and community stakeholder perspectives on the experiences of military-connected  students. Teachers’ College Record.

De Pedro, K.T., Astor, R.A., Gilreath, T.D., Benbenishty, R., & Esqueda, M.C. (in press). School climate perceptions among students in military-connected schools: A comparison of military and non-military students from the same schools. Military Behavioral Health Journal.

Gilreath, T.D., Astor, R.A., Estrada, J.N., Benbenishty, R., & Unger, J. B. (2014). School victimization and substance use among adolescents in California. Prevention Science. doi: 10.1007/s11121-013-0449-8

Gilreath, T.D., Astor, R.A., Cederbaum, J.A., Atuel, H.R., & Benbenishty, R. (2013). School violence and victimization among military connected youth. Preventive Medicine. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.12.002

Cederbaum, J.A., Gilreath, T.D., Benbenishty, R., Astor, R.A., & Pineda, D., De Pedro, K.T., Esqueda, M.C., & Atuel, H.R. (2013). Wellbeing and suicidal ideation of public middle/high school students by military-connectedness. Journal of Adolescent Health. DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.09.006

Estrada, J.N., Gilreath, T.D., Astor, R. A., & Benbenishty, R. (2013). Gang membership, school violence, and the mediating effects of risk and protective behaviors in California high schools. Journal of School Violence. doi:10.1080/15388220.2013.846860

Astor, R.A., De Pedro, K., Gilreath, T., Esqueda, M., & Benbenishty, R. (2013). The promotional role of community, school, family, and peer contexts for military students in wartime. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review. DOI 10.1007/s10567-013-0139-x

Astor, R.A., Cornell, D.G., Espelage, D.L., Furlong, M.J., Jimerson, S.R., Mayer, M.G. et al. (2013). A call for more effective prevention of violence. The School Psychologist, 67(2), 40-43.

Interdisciplinary Group on Preventing School and Community Violence (2013): December 2012 Connecticut School Shooting Position Statement. Journal of School Violence, 12(2), 119-133.

Estrada, J. N., Gilreath, T., Astor, R. A., & Benbenishty, R. (2013). Gang membership of California middle school students: Behaviors and attitudes as mediators of school violence. Health Education Research. Advance Access published March 22. 2013,  doi:10.1093/her/cyt037,

Gilreath, T.D., Astor, R.A., Estrada, J.N., Johnson, R., Benbenishty, R., & Unger, J.B. (2013). Substance use among adolescents in California: A latent class analysis. Substance Use and Misuse. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2013.824468

Gilreath, T.D., Cederbaum, J.A., Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R., Pineda, D., & Atuel, H. (2013). Substance use among military-connected youth: The California Healthy Kids Survey. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 44(2), 150-153.

Astor, R.A., Meyer-Reynolds, H., Benbenishty, R., Pat-Horenczyk, R., Brom, D., Baum, N., Schiff, M. & De Pedro, K. (2012). The influence of the Second Lebanon-Israeli War on Israeli students in urban school settings: Findings from the Nahariya District-wide screening process. In Gallagher, K.S., Goodyear, R., Brewer, D., & Rueda, R (Eds.) Urban education: A model for leadership and policy. (pp. 218-240). New York: Routledge.

Chen, J.K. & Astor, R.A. (2012). School Variables as Mediators of Personal and Family Factors on School Violence in Taiwanese Junior High Schools.Youth & Society, 44(2), 175-200.

Schiff, M., Pat-Horenczyk, R., Benbenishty, R., Brom, D., Baum, N. & Astor, R.A. (2012). High school students posttraumatic symptoms, substance use and violence perpetration in the aftermath of war. Social Science and Medicine, 75(7), 1321-1328

Esqueda, M., Astor, R.A. & De Pedro, K. (2012). A call to duty: Educational policy and school reform addressing the needs of children from military families. Educational Researcher, 41, 65-70.

De Pedro, K., Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R., Estrada, J.N., Smith, G.A. & Esqueda, M.C. (2011). The children of military service members: Challenges, resources, and future educational research. Review of Educational Research, 81(4), 566-619.

Astor, R.A., Pat-Horenczyk, R., Brom, D., Baum, N., Benbenishty, R. & Schiff, M. (2011). A City-Wide School-Based Model for Addressing the Needs of Children Exposed to Terrorism and War. In V. Ardino (Eds.) Post-traumatic syndromes in children and adolescents. London UK. : Wiley/Blackwell Press.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. & Estrada, J. (2010). School violence prevention programs. In B. Fisher, S. Lab (Eds.) Encyclopedia of victimology and crime prevention. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. & Marachi, R. (2010). Violence in schools. In P.A. Meares (Eds.) Social work services in schools, sixth edition. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Astor, R.A. (2010). A light unto the nations and a nation like all nations: The contemporary exemplar of Jews and school violence. Journal of Jewish Communal Service.

Astor, R.A., Guerra, N. & Van Acker, R. (2010). How can we improve school safety research?. Educational Researcher, 39, 69-78.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R., Marachi, R. & Pitner, R.O. (2009). Evidence-based violence prevention programs and best implementation practices. In A.R. Roberts (Eds.) Social worker’s desk reference, 2nd Edition.: N.Y. Oxford University Press.

Khoury-Kassabri, M., Astor, R.A. & Benbenishty, R. (2009). Middle Eastern adolescents’ perpetration of school violence against peers and teachers: A cross cultural and ecological analysis. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24(1), 159-182.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. & Estrada, J. (2009). School violence and theoretically atypical schools: The principal’s centrality in orchestrating safe schools. American Educational Research Journal (46(2)), 423-461.

Astor, R.A. & Chen, J.K. (2009). Students’ reports of violence against teachers in Taiwanese schools. Journal of School Violence, 8 (1), 2-17.

Stone, S., Astor, R.A. & Benbenishty, R. (2009). Teacher and principal perceptions of student victimization and the schools’ response to violence: The contributions of context on staff congruence. International Journal of Educational Research, 48(3) , 194-213.

Chen, J.K. & Astor, R.A. (2009). The perpetration of school violence in Taiwan: An analysis of gender, grade level, school type. School Psychology International.

Astor, R.A., Rosemond, M., Pitner, R.O., Marachi, R. & Benbenishty, R. (2008). Evidence-based violence prevention programs and best implementation practices. In C. Franklin, M. B. Harris, P. Allen-Meares II Ed (Eds.) The school practitioner's concise companion to preventing violence and conflict. New York: Oxford University Press.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. & Estrada, J. (2008). School violence. In T. Mizrahi & L. E. Davis (Eds.) The encyclopedia of social work. Washington, DC; New York: NASW Press; Oxford University Press.

Pitner, R.O. & Astor, R.A. (2008). Children's reasoning about poverty, physical deterioration, danger, and retribution in neighborhood contexts.Journal of Environmental Psychology, 28, 327-338.

Benbenishty, R., Astor, R.A. & Khoury-Kassabri, M. (2008). Preventing and coping with violence in the education system: A policy proposal. Dapim, 46, 93-114.

Benbenishty, R., Astor, R.A. & Estrada, J.N. (2008). School violence assessment: A conceptual framework, instruments and methods. Children & Schools, 30(2), 71-81.

Benbenishty, R. & Astor, R.A. (2008). School violence in an international context: A call for global collaboration in research and prevention.International Journal of Violence and Schools (7), 59-80.

Khoury-Kassabri, M., Astor, R.A. & Benbenishty, R. (2008). Student victimization by school staff in the context of an Israeli national school safety campaign. Aggressive Behavior, 34(1), 1-8.

Marachi, R., Astor, R.A. & Benbenishty, R. (2007). Effects of Student Participation and Teacher Support on Victimization in Israeli Schools: An Examination of Gender, Culture, and School Type. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 36(2), 225-240.

Marachi, R., Astor, R.A. & Benbenishty, R. (2007). Effects of teacher avoidance of school policies on student victimization. School Psychology International, 28(4), 501-518.

Benbenishty, R., Khoury-Kassabri, M. & Astor, R.A. (2007). Findings from the National School Violence Study. Mifgash L'Avoda Chinoochit Sozialit, 23, 15-23 .

Benbenishty, R., Khoury-Kassabri, M. & Astor, R.A. (2007). Forward of the guest editors. Mifgash L'Avoda Chinoochit Sozialit.

Astor, R.A. (2007). Lessons that should be learned from the Virginia Tech murders. Teachers College Record.

Benbenishty, R. & Astor, R.A. (2007). Monitoring indicators of children’s victimization in school: Linking national-, regional-, and site-level indicators.Social Indicators Research, 84(3), 333-348.

Astor, R.A. & Benbenishty, R. (2007). The social complexity of a school fight: An exemplar of impoverished theory. General Psychologist, 42 (1), 1-13.

Khoury-Kassabri, M., Astor, R.A. & Benbenishty, R. (2007). Weapon carrying in Israeli schools: The contribution of individual and school factors.Health Education & Behavior (34(3) ), 453-470.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. & Estrada, J. (2007 April (2nd Quarter/Spring)). School Violence: An Overview. UrbanEd Magazine, 16-22.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. & Estrada, J. (2007 April (2nd Quarter/Spring)). School Violence: An Overview. UrbanEd Magazine. (pp. 16-22.).

Benbenishty, R., Astor, R.A. & Marachi, R. (2006). A national study of school violence in Israel: Implications for theory, practice, and policy. In S.R. Jimerson & M. J. Furlong (Eds.) Handbook of school violence and school safety: From research to practice. (pp. 481- 497). Mahwah, NJ: : Earlbaum.

Astor, R.A., Rosemond, M., Pitner, R.O., Marachi, R. & Benenishty, R. (2006). An overview of best violence prevention practices in schools. In C. Franklin, M.B. Harris & P.A. Meares (Eds.) school services sourcebook. Chapter 43. New York: : Oxford University Press.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. & Marachi, R. (2006). Making the case for an international perspective on school violence: Implications for theory, research, policy, and assessment. In S. R. Jimerson & M. J. Furlong (Eds.) Handbook of school violence and school safety: From research to practice. (pp. p257-273). Mahwah, NJ: Earlbaum.

Khoury-Kassabri, M., Benbenishty, R. & Astor, R.A. (2006). Principals' perceptions of violence in their schools. In A. Kedmi (Eds.) Education in the test of time. Tel Aviv, Israel:: The Teachers Union Press.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R., Marachi, R. & Meyer, H.A. (2006). The social context of schools: Monitoring and mapping student victimization in schools. In S. Jimerson & M. J. Furlong (Eds.) Handbook of school violence and school safety: From research to practice. (pp. 221-233). Mahwah, NJ:: Earlbaum.

Astor, R.A., Marachi, R. & Benbenishty, R. (2006). Violence in schools. In P.A. Meares (Eds.) Social Work Services in Schools, Fifth Edition. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Benbenishty, R., Khoury-Kassabri, M. & Astor, R.A. (2006). Violence in the educational system: Victimization among children and youth. In G. Rahav & Y. Wozner (Eds.) Youth in Israel: 2004. Tel Aviv, Israel: The Interdisciplinary Center for Children and Youth. School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University.

Astor, R.A. (2006). Arab and Jewish Elementary School Students’ Perceptions of Fear and School Violence: Understanding the Influence of School Context. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 76, 91-118.

Astor, R.A. & Benbenisthy, R. (2006). Zero tolerance for zero knowledge: Empowering schools and communities with data and democracy. Urban Policy Brief, Urban Initiative, University of Southern California. Sent to 4000 policy makers, academics, and educators across the USA.

Astor, R.A. & Benbenishty, R. (2005). School Violence in Context: Culture, Neighborhood,. Family, School, and Gender. NY, NY: Oxford University Press.

Astor, R.A. (2005). Public foster care schools. Teachers College Record.

Astor, R.A., Meyer, H.A., Benbenishty, R., Marachi, R. & Rosemond, M. (2005). School safety interventions: Best practices and programs. Children & Schools, , 27 (1), , 17-32.

Khoury-Kassabri, M., Benbenishty, R. & Astor, R.A. (2005). The effects of school climate, socioeconomics, and cultural factors on school victimization in Israel. Social Work Research, 29(3), 165-180.

Astor, R.A. & Benbenishty, R. (2005). Zero tolerance for zero knowledge.Education Week, 24 (43) , 52.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. & Khury-Kassabri., M. (2005). Prevention of school violence in Israel: A comprehensive policy proposal.: Israeli Ministry of Education and the Taub Foundation on Educational Reform think tank.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. & Khoury-Kassabri, M. (2005). School violence in Israel: Wave IV--The Students' perspective.: Israeli Ministry of Education.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R., Khoury-Kassabri, M. & Rosiner, I. (2005). The association between school climate, violence and academic achievements.: A research report submitted to the 'Yad-Handiv' Foundation and the Israeli Ministry of Education.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. & Weil, S. (2005). Theoretically Atypical Schools and School Violence: School Factors as Buffers and Facilitators of Student Victimization.: Israeli Ministry of Education.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R., Meyer, H.A. & Rosemond, M. (2004). Adolescent victimization and weapon-use on school grounds: An empirical study from Israel. In T. Urdan, and F. Parjes (Eds.) Educating Adolescents: Challenges and Strategies. (pp. 109-130). Greenwich, CT: : Information Age.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R., Pitner, R.O. & Meyer, H.A. (2004). Bullying and Peer Victimization in Schools. In P.A. Meares and M.W. Fraser (Eds.)Intervention with Children & Adolescents: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. (pp. 471-488). Boston: MA: : Allyn & Bacon.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. & Marachi, R. (2004). Violence in schools. In P.A. Meares (Eds.) Social Work Services in Schools, 4th ed. (pp. 149-182). Boston: : Allyn & Bacon.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. & Meyer, H.A. (2004). Monitoring and mapping student victimization in schools. Theory Into Practice, 43(1), 39-49.

Meyer, H.A., Astor, R.A. & Behre, W.J. (2004). Teachers reasoning about school fights, contexts, and gender: An expanded cognitive developmental domain approach. Aggression and Violent Behavior (9), 45-75.

Zeira, A., Astor, R.A. & Benbenishty, R. (2004). Teachers’ reports of school violence in Jewish and Arab public schools in Israel. School Psychology International, 25( 2), 149-166.

Khoury-Kassabri, M., Benbenishty, R., Astor, R.A. & Zeira, A. (2004). The contributions of community, family, and school variables to student victimization. American Journal of Community Psychology, 34(3/4), 187-204.

Astor, R.A., Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. & Khoury-Kassabri, M. (2003). Jewish and Arab teachers views of school violence in their own schools: An empirical study. In A.O. Khaled (Eds.) The Arab educational system and school violence. Jerusalem, Israel: A joint publication of the Brookdale Research Institute and the Psychological/Consultation Services of the Education Ministry.

Astor, R.A. & Benbenishty, R. (2003). The view from Israel. In P.K. Smith (Eds.) Violence in Schools: The Response in Europe. (pp. 317-331). New York: : Routledge Falmer.

Pitner, R.O., Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R., Haj-Yahia, M. & Zeira, A. (2003). Adolescents' approval of peer and spousal retribution in their culture versus other cultures: The role of group stereotypes. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 21(2), 221-242.

Benbenishty, R., Astor, R.A. & Marachi, R. (2003). Coping with school violence. Mifgash - Journal of Social Work-Education, 17, 9-44.

Benbenishty, R., Astor, R.A. & Zeira, A. (2003). Monitoring school violence: Linking, national-, district-, and school-level data over time. Journal of School Violence, 2(2), 29-50.

Zeira, A., Astor, R.A. & Benbenishty, R. (2003). School Violence in Israel: Findings of a national survey. Social Work, 48(4), 471-483.

Pitner, R.O., Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R., Haj-Yahia, M.M. & Zeira, A. (2003). The effects of group stereotypes on adolescents' reasoning about peer retribution. Child Development, 74 (2), , 413- 425.

Benbenishty, R. & Astor, R.A. (2003). The view from Israel. in Schools: The Response in Europe, 317-331.

Astor, R.A., Pitner, R.O., Benbenishty, R. & Meyer, H.A. (2002). Public concern and focus on school violence. In Rapp-Paglicci, A., Roberts, A. R., & Wodarski, J. S (Eds.) Handbook of Violence. (pp. 262-302).: NY: Wiley & Sons.

Meyer, H.A. & Astor, R.A. (2002). Child and parent perspectives on routes to and from school in high crime neighborhoods. Journal of School Violence, 1(4), 101-128.

Benbenishty, R., Zeira, A. & Astor, R.A. (2002). Children’s reports of emotional, physical and sexual maltreatment by educational staff in Israel.Child Abuse & Neglect,, 26(8), , 763-782.

Benbenishty, R., Zeira, A., Astor, R.A. & Khoury-Kassabri, M. (2002). Maltreatment of primary school students by educational staff in Israel. Child Abuse & Neglect, 26(12) , 1291-1309.

enbenishty, R., Astor, R.A., Zeira, A. & Vinokur, A.D. (2002). Perceptions of violence and fear of school attendance among junior high school students in Israel. Social Work Research, 26 (2), 71-87.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R., Zeira, A. & Vinokur, A. (2002). School climate, observed risky behaviors, and victimization as predictors of high school students’ fear and judgments of school violence as a problem. Health Education and Behavior, 29(6), 716-736.

Zeira, A., Benbenishty, R. & Astor, R.A. (2002). School violence in Israel.Youth violence, Art, and academic disciplines: A conversation between artists and researchers.

Zeira, A., Astor, R.A. & Benbenishty, R. (2002). Sexual harassment in Jewish and Arab public schools in Israel. Child Abuse & Neglect, 26(2), 149-166.

Meyer, H.A., Astor, R.A. & Behre, W.J. (2002). Teachers’ reasoning about school violence: The role of gender and location. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 27(4), , 499-528.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R., Haj-Yahia, M.M., Zeira, A., Perkins-Hart, S., Marachi, R. & Pitner, R.O. (2002). The awareness of risky peer group behaviors on school grounds as a predictor of students’ victimization on school grounds: Part II - Junior high schools. Journal of School Violence, 1(3), 57-66.

Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R., Marachi, R., Haj-Yahia, M.M., Zeira, A., Perkins-Hart, S. & Pitner, R.O. (2002). The awareness of risky peer group behaviors on school grounds as predictors of students’ victimization on school grounds: Part I - Elementary schools. Journal of School Violence, 1 (1), , 11-33.

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